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By Leonard Nelson, Fernando Leal, D. G. Carus

Presented as a Vorlesung within the German philosophical culture, this e-book offers the main certain account of Nelson’s approach to argument research, celebrated through many luminaries akin to Karl Popper. It was once written in 1921 towards the relativistic, subjectivistic and nihilistic traits of Nelson’s time. The publication includes an exposition of a mode that could be a additional improvement of Kant’s transcendental dialectics, through an program to the severe research of arguments via many well-known thinkers, together with Bentham, Mill, Poincaré, Leibniz, Hegel, Einstein, Bergson, Rickert, Simmel, Brentano, Stammler, Jellinek, Dingler, and Meinong. The publication provides a normal concept of philosophical argumentation as visible from the point of view of the common fallacies devoted via anyone arguing philosophically, even if specialist philosophers or philosophical laypeople. even though the character of philosophy and philosophical argumentation is without doubt one of the such a lot recurrent items of mirrored image for philosophers, this booklet represents the 1st try out at a normal concept of philosophical fallacy. in keeping with Nelson, it's within the form of fake dilemmas that error in reasoning consistently emerge, and fake dilemmas are constantly the results of an analogous mechanism--the unwitting substitute of 1 idea for another.

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