Download E-books La implantacion del impuesto del papel sellado en indias (Biblioteca de la Academia Nacional de la Historia) (Spanish Edition) PDF

By Maria Luisa Martinez de Salinas

María Luisa Martínez de Salinas, alumna del distinguido historiador Demetrio Ramos, en el Seminario de Historia de América de l. a. Universidad de Valladolid, España, nos brinda este trabajo sobre el siglo menos preferido por los investigadores, el XVII. Esta misma característica le da al libro un specific interés, en tanto que abre un camino en ese período, y más al tratarse de un estudio de carácter tributario: l. a. política economic de los Austrias.
Felipe IV y el Conde-Duque tuvieron serias preocupaciones hacendísticas: el problema de Flandes, las obligaciones derivadas de los angeles guerra de los años treinta y las deudas heredadas del siglo anterior. El remedio de estas angustias económicas parecía ser sólo el establecimiento de nuevos impuestos. “En ese ambiente de penuria, y como contribución para aminorarla, nació el Papel Sellado”. los angeles evolución de este impuesto, que empezó por ser un sistema de validación documental, refleja los angeles política economic de Felipe IV tanto para España como en América. Así, el libro nos muestra un perfil dejado en l. a. sombra de l. a. dinámica que en el siglo XVII instituyó parte significativa de nuestra historia.

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Download E-books Red Black and Green: Black Nationalism in the United States PDF

By Alphonso Pinkney

From the 1st slaves who rose up opposed to their grasp within the early interval of yankee historical past to the widespread sleek figures comparable to Malcolm X, Elijah Muhammed, Eldridge Cleaver, crimson, Black, and eco-friendly lines the origins, the struggles and the accomplishments of black nationalism. Its extensive dialogue of the ideology of black nationalism and of the stipulations that gave upward thrust to this ideology presents the root for a radical account of the black nationalist flow within the height years of its momentum, approximately the last decade 1963 to 1973. the writer offers either with particular milestones, corresponding to Marcus Garvey's common Negro development organization within the early 20th century, and with the far-reaching implications of the circulate for the black neighborhood and for the USA as a complete. He seems to be on the many aspects of black nationalism - innovative nationalism, cultural nationalism, non secular nationalism, and academic nationalism - analyses the connection among this circulate and liberation routine as a rule.

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Download E-books Limits to Free Trade: Non-Tariff Barriers in the European Union, Japan and United States PDF

By David Hanson

This e-book explores the starting to be record of non-tariff alternate obstacles raised via the united states, ecu and Japan and assesses the customers for major exchange liberalization. the writer examines the legal responsibility of world unfastened exchange via a assessment of the lawsuits those 3 nations raised approximately one another over a five-year interval. He concludes that unfastened alternate will be more and more hampered as boundaries are created extra swiftly than may be resolved, and that the customers for considerably strengthening safeguards are restricted. those matters are analyzed within the contexts of the main WTO alternate agreements and the political economic system of decision-making within the US, european and Japan. the writer concludes that the growing to be difficulties are endemic to the approach and aren't amenable to effortless treatment. He tackles issues together with overseas agreements, the alternate coverage methods within the 3 international locations, concerns touching on exchange practices, import exchange obstacles within the european, and customers for reform. students, scholars and practitioners in company economics, foreign company, and foreign economics will locate a lot of curiosity during this publication.

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Download E-books American Writers: Retrospective Supplement II PDF

By Leonard Unger, Jay Parini

Thirty years after the 1st quantity of the Scribner Writers sequence, this moment Retrospective complement follows the trail of the 1st through re-examining the most very important and influential writers within the American canon-men and ladies who remain studied in excessive colleges and universities as frequently at the present time as whilst the yankee Writers sequence first all started. each one essay, written by means of knowledgeable within the box with years of educating event, explores the existence and paintings of person authors. The bio-critical essays on such writers as Ralph Waldo Ellison, Edgar Allan Poe, Kate Chopin, Theodore Dreiser, Isaac Bashevis Singer, Sylvia Plath, and James Baldwin replicate the latest scholarship on those and different writers of tolerating value.

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Download E-books America's Shame: Women and Children in Shelter and the Degradation of Family Roles PDF

By Barbara A. Arrighi

Rejecting those that urge a bootstrap method of humans residing in severe poverty at the fringe of society, sociologist Barbara Arrighi makes an eloquent, compassionate plea for empathy and collective accountability towards these for whom both the boots or the straps are lacking. This publication additional bargains strategies in realization elevating, neighborhood collaboration, and knowledgeable, liable public coverage. The publication is a critique of a procedure that purports to serve but occasionally impedes the welfare of these who're short of the elemental components for survival, together with reasonable safeguard. It analyzes the structural elements of poverty and the social mental bills of being terrible and missing a house. using interview findings from households who've lived in a protect in northern Kentucky and from employees individuals, the ebook examines the degrading results of take care of lifestyles on women's self-respect and kid's improvement. instead of an exam of person pathologies resulting in loss of guard, it facilities on girls and kids dwelling in shelters and gives a sociological learn of poverty and the family.

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Download E-books Name-Dropping: From FDR On PDF

By John Kenneth Galbraith, John Kenneth Galbraith

"Names? you will have names? not anyone understands higher ones than John Kenneth Galbraith” (San Diego Union-Tribune). With the spectacular perception, humor, and literary ability that mark Galbraith as essentially the most exclusive writers of our time, Name-Dropping charts the political panorama of the previous sixty-five years. Drawing on a life of entry to many nice public figures, the well-known economist bargains a clear-eyed, unsparing, and fun “look at fashionable humans . . . [he] has identified, from FDR on” (Larry King, united states this day) and provides a wealthy and uniquely own background of the century — a heritage he helped to shape.

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