Download E-books Normans and Saxons: Southern Race Mythology and the Intellectual History of the American Civil War (Southern Literary Studies) PDF

When consultant Preston Brooks of South Carolina savagely caned Senator Charles Sumner Massachusetts at the ground of the U.S. Senate on may perhaps 21, 1856, southerners seen the assault as a successful confirmation of southern chivalry, northerners as a affirmation of southern barbarity. Public opinion was once equally divided approximately three-and-a-half years later after abolitionist John Brown's raid at the Federal arsenal at Harper's Ferry, Virginia, with northerners crowning John Brown as a martyr to the reason for freedom as southerners excoriated him as a realization enthusiast. those occasions opened American minds to the chance that North and South will be incompatible societies, yet a few of Dixie's defenders have been keen to move one step extra -- to suggest that northerners and southerners represented not only a "divided humans" yet scientifically designated races. In Normans and Saxons, Ritchie Watson, Jr., explores the complicated racial mythology created through the higher periods of the antebellum South within the wake of those divisive occasions to justify secession and, ultimately, the Civil battle.

This mythology forged southerners as descendants of the Normans of eleventh-century England and hence additionally of the Cavaliers of the 17th century, a few of whom had come to the recent global and populated the southern colonies. those Normans have been antagonistic, in mythic phrases, by way of Saxons -- Englishmen of German descent -- a few of whose descendants made up the Puritans who settled New England and later fanned out to populate the remainder of the North. the parable drew on nineteenth-century technological know-how and different resources to painting those as separate, warring "races," the aristocratic and rushing Normans as opposed to the typical and venal Saxons. based on Watson, southern polemical writers hired this racial mythology as a justification of slavery, countering the northern argument that the South's extraordinary establishment had mixed with its Norman racial composition to provide an smug and brutal land of oligarchs with a second-rate tradition. Watson reveals facts for this argument in either prose and poetry, from the literary effect of Sir Walter Scott, De Bow's evaluation, and different antebellum southern magazines, to fiction via George Tucker, John Pendleton Kennedy, and William Alexander Caruthers and northern and southern poetry in the course of the Civil warfare, specially within the works of Walt Whitman. Watson additionally strains the ongoing effect of the Norman as opposed to Saxon delusion in "Lost reason" notion and the way the parable has affected rules approximately southern sectionalism of today.

Normans and Saxons presents an intensive research of the ways that delusion eventually helped to persuade americans that nearby changes over the difficulty of slavery have been manifestations of deeper and extra profound changes in racial temperament -- ameliorations that made civil struggle inevitable.

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