Download E-books Reductive Explanation in the Biological Sciences (History, Philosophy and Theory of the Life Sciences) PDF

By Marie I. Kaiser

This book develops a philosophical account that finds the foremost features that make an evidence within the existence sciences reductive and distinguish them from non-reductive motives. figuring out what reductive factors are allows one to evaluate the stipulations below which reductive factors are sufficient and hence complements debates approximately explanatory reductionism. The account of reductive rationalization awarded during this e-book has 3 significant features. First, it emerges from a severe reconstruction of the explanatory perform of the lifestyles sciences itself. moment, the account is monistic because it specifies one set of standards that observe to causes within the existence sciences as a rule. eventually, the account is ontic in that it strains the reductivity of an explanation back to definite family members that exist among items on the earth (such as part-whole relatives and point relations), instead of to the logical family members among sentences. starting with a disclosure of the meta-philosophical assumptions that underlie the author’s research of reductive clarification, the booklet leads into the debate about reduction(ism) within the philosophy of biology and maintains with a dialogue at the views on explanatory relief that have been proposed within the philosophy of biology to this point. the writer scrutinizes how the problem of relief turns into entangled with explanation and analyzes options, the idea that of a organic half and the concept that of a degree of association. the result of those 5 chapters represent the floor on which the writer bases her ultimate bankruptcy, constructing her ontic account of reductive explanation.

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