The transformation of night-watchman states into welfare states is likely one of the so much impressive societal advancements in contemporary heritage. In 1880, now not a unmarried kingdom had a nationally obligatory social coverage application. a couple of many years later, each one in all modern day wealthy democracies had followed courses protecting all or just about all of the most hazards humans face: outdated age, disorder, twist of fate, and unemployment. those courses swiftly accelerated by way of diversity, achieve, and assets. this day, all wealthy democracies conceal all major dangers for an unlimited majority of electorate, with binding public or essential deepest courses. 3 features of this awesome transformation are relatively interesting: the fad (the transformation to coverage states occurred in all wealthy democracies); adjustments throughout nations (the generosity of social coverage varies vastly throughout countries); and the dynamics of the method. This booklet deals a idea that not just explains this awesome transition but additionally explains cross-national changes and the position of crises for social coverage improvement.
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