This booklet indicates how, in the course of the twentieth century, evils akin to totalitarianism, tyranny, warfare, and genocide turned indelibly associated with the fascist reason, and examines the long-lasting and well known allure of an ideology that has counted princes, poets, and struggle heroes between its so much fervent adherents.
• 500 A–Z entries on fascist leaders and the routine, doctrines, and key occasions linked to fascism
• an intensive index that permits readers to find issues fast and easily
• information regarding fascism as a global circulate from quite a lot of sources
• Contributions from over a hundred students from greater than 20 nations
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Extra info for World Fascism: A Historical Encyclopedia - 2 Volume set
Ny: classic. Mosse, G. L. 1966. The quandary of German Ideology. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson. Redner, H. 1997. Malign Masters: Gentile, Heidegger, Lukacs, Wittgenstein. London: Macmillan. Stromberg, R. N. 1981. ecu highbrow background seeing that 1789. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall. ABYSSINIA: See ETHIOPIA ACCADEMIA D’ITALIA: See paintings; technological know-how ACERBO legislations, THE legislation glided by the Italian Chamber of Deputies on 15 July 1923 that opened the door for the Fascists to realize keep an eye on of the Parliament. It was once drafted by means of Undersecretary of kingdom Giacomo Acerbo (1888–1969), and it only if the electoral record that obtained the best variety of votes—provided it amounted to greater than 25 percentage of the total—would be entitled to twothirds of the complete variety of seats (535). the remainder of the seats have been to be shared out proportionally one of the events. Many liberals supported the invoice, which they was hoping could introduce extra balance into the political order. within the subsequent elections, in April 1924, Mussolini was once capable of safe the election of 374 of his supporters (including 275 fascists), and that ready the best way for his next destruction of the parliamentary governmental approach. Cyprian Blamires See additionally: FASCIST occasion, THE; ITALY; MOSCA, GAETANO; MUSSOLINI, BENITO ANDREA; PARLIAMENTARISM References Gallo, M. 1974. Mussolini’s Italy: two decades of the Fascist period. London: Abelard-Schuman. Lyttelton, A. 2004. The Seizure of strength: Fascism in Italy 1919–1929. London: Routledge. motion Française (French motion) 29 motion FRANÇAISE (FRENCH motion) French royalist league based sooner than international conflict I, frequently considered as a forerunner of fascism. It was once arrange on eight August 1898 via numerous competitors of Dreyfus: Jacques Bainville, Henri Vaugeois, Maurice Pujo, and Charles Maurras. the subsequent July a bimonthly paper, additionally named motion Française, used to be introduced out. It turned an everyday paper on 21 March 1908, run by means of Maurras and Léon Daudet. The motion Française (AF) recommended monarchism, observed the country because the starting place of society, confirmed recognize for Catholicism and tested traditions, and claimed to be in a fight opposed to overseas plutocracy and the impact of Jews and freemasons. The AF was once impressive for the originality of its fusion of political intellectualism—both in the course of the courses of some of the intellectuals hooked up to the circulation and during the classes supplied via the Institut d’Action Français—with a muscular kind of political activism, rather in the course of the formation in 1908 of the Camelots du roi (“king’s highway peddlers”) motion teams. a very powerful political strength within the years ahead of global warfare I, the AF went right into a relative decline after the mid-1920s. One cause used to be that some of the those who had joined the AF simply because they observed it as a almost certainly innovative strength, able to generating a synthesis among nationalism and syndicalism, grew to become disappointed with its failure to take action. one of many key ﬁgures in that disillusionment, Georges Valois, left the circulation in 1925 to shape the 1st French fascist celebration, Le Faisceau (“The Bundle”).